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Extending Land Readjustment Technique to Create Regional Infrastructure - A Case of Ring Road in India

Ring Road in India

Jay Mittal, Assistant Professor of Community Planning, presented his research paper at the 2012 conference based on the case study of a forty-seven mile-long ring road, which was developed using land-readjustment technique. Jay was involved in the fringe area master planning of Ahmadabad and worked on the alignment planning and development phasing of the road and area planning schemes. The road was conceptualized in 1998-99 to bypass regional traffic from the core city area and to connect peripheral communities (AUDA 1999).

This ring road is similar in purpose as the interstate beltways that are in the U.S. such as I-275 around city of Cincinnati, Ohio.  The Sardar Patel Ring Road (SP Ring Road) encircles a major metropolitan area of five million people, connecting several small communities in the periphery of city of Ahmedabad. The unique feature of this Ring Road is that, predominantly, its’ 200 feet-wide right-of-way (ROW) was reserved using market-friendly land readjustment technique rather than forced land acquisition using eminent domain. Mittal’s paper first discusses the methodology of land readjustment technique as used in several countries including India and then, extends discussion on how this technique was used in developing a regional level road infrastructure.

Ring Road

A simplified visual of land readjustment technique is shown above where the individual land parcels are first pooled and then reorganized, while the process is shown below.  Organization of road fronting parcels, access to major roads and other public infrastructure provides a property value enhancement. This same technique was used to reserve the 200 feet ROW. The research presents a comparison of advantages and disadvantages in traditional method of highway ROW acquisition using eminent domain with the superior market-friendly land readjustment technique. Barring a few prerequisites (legal and political will), land readjustment technique can be effectively used to service rapidly growing cities. The process involves fostering partnership with the existing land owners, and the result of the process is equitable benefits to all land owners involved in the development.Ring Road

his research is still in progress, and Mittal is now interested in applying the land readjustment technique in the United States, especially, in areas where eminent domain is commonly employed in acquisition of private properties for redevelopment purposes to facilitate economic development opportunities. Mittal’s current research focuses on how existing land owners can be engaged in planning and how the land owners could be made economic partner in the new real estate-led economic opportunities and how lessons from land readjustment technique be used in United States.

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